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SS2: ENGLISH - 1ST TERM

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  1. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 1
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    2 Quizzes
  2. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 2
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  3. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 3
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  4. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 4
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  5. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 5
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  6. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 6
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  7. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 7
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  8. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 8
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  9. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 9
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Lesson 8, Topic 3
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Vocabulary Development: Words Associated with Building and Building Construction – I

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     All of us live in houses. We also use buildings as offices or for some other purposes. However, many of us hardly think of how these buildings come about. We need to know the processes which a building goes through before it becomes the beautiful and attractive edifice we see.

     When somebody wants to erect a building, the first thing to do is to secure a piece of land, depending on the type and size of the building the person wants to erect. The services of a land surveyor must be secured to survey the land so that there will be a demarcation of the land from other pieces of land. Having chosen the building site, an architect has to be employed to draw up and prepare the specifications for the job. This is referred to as the building plan and this has to be submitted to the government’s approving authority. The services of a quantity surveyor are secured. The quantity surveyor looks at the approved building plan and calculates the amount of material and the number of workers needed and probably the cost of the job. The process then starts. The building construction is really in two parts – the substructure which is the part underground and the superstructure which is the part above the ground.

     After the necessary preparations have been made, the builder brings bulldozers and mechanical diggers to the site to do the levelling. The trenches are dug and the foundation is laid. Concrete is put in the trenches. The foundation is done and it reaches the Damp Proof Course (DPC) level – the layer of solid structure which prevents moisture or dampness from passing through the floor or wall.

     The masons then set the blocks which must be the standard type recommended by professional builders. Soon, the walls rise to the lintel level when the door and window frames are fixed. Depending on the type of building, a scaffold is constructed with strong wood or steel pipes. Masons or workers can stand or sit on this support to do their work. When the walls reach the wall plate level, the building is ready for roofing. The roofing of most buildings is done with wood and corrugated iron sheets or asbestos. Carpenters do the roofing as they nail down the roofing sheets to the rafters on the beams of the building.

     After the building under construction has been roofed, some other activities are carried out. The plastering is done by the masons. But before the plastering, if conduit wiring is to be used, the electrician will move in and fix the conduit pipes and the wires. If surface wiring is to be used, then the wiring is done after the plastering.

     After the plasterers and the electricians have completed their jobs, the plumbers move in. They lay the water pipes. Some other things the plumbers see to are the septic tanks, water closets, and wash hand basins. The building is then painted by painters. The glaziers also come in and fix the window panes. Finally, the interior decorators move in for the finishing of the building. It is then ready for occupation.

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