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SS2: ENGLISH - 2ND TERM

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  1. SS2: English Language Second Term – Week 1
    4 Topics
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    2 Quizzes
  2. SS2: English Language Second Term – Week 2
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    2 Quizzes
  3. SS2: English Language Second Term – Week 3
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    2 Quizzes
  4. SS2: English Language Second Term – Week 4
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    2 Quizzes
  5. SS2: English Language Second Term – Week 5
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    2 Quizzes
  6. SS2: English Language Second Term – Week 6
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    1 Quiz
  7. SS2: English Language Second Term – Week 7
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    2 Quizzes
  8. SS2: English Language Second Term – Week 8
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    2 Quizzes
  9. SS2: English Language Second Term – Week 9
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In our previous lesson, we discussed transitive and intransitive verbs as a way of preparing you for the lesson on verb forms. We noted that a transitive verb requires an object for its meaning to be understood while an intransitive verb does not require an object.

Examples:

SubjectVerb   Object
iHe killeda goat

The verb killed is transitive.

SubjectVerb   Object
iiShesmiled ——-

The verb smiled is intransitive.

We also noted that some verbs could be both transitive and intransitive

Examples:

i.    Mother cooked rice for lunch.

ii.   Mother cooked for the visitors.

Verb Forms

Verb forms are otherwise known as active and passive voices.

The Active Voice

A sentence in the active voice has the structure: subject + verb + object (SVO) or subject + verb + object + complement (SVOC)

Examples:

Subject Verb Object Complement
i.Miss Obi teaches English——–
ii.The studentsare holdingthe meeting now
iii.The gardener is planting the grass ——-
iv.The bishop is visiting the parish tomorrow

The Passive Voice

A sentence in the passive voice has the structure: object + verb + subject (OVS)

Examples:

Object Verb  by + Subject
English   is taught by Miss Obi
A pen  was bought by John

Changing from the Active to the Passive Voice

Note the following rules:

1.   Only transitive verbs can be made passive.

Examples:

We greeted the new teacher.

The new teacher was greeted by us

2.   The tense of the transitive verb in the active sentence determines the tense of the be in the passive sentence

Examples:

People speak French in many parts of Africa

French is spoken in many parts of Africa

3.   Sentences which cannot be changed into the passive form

  • Sentences with intransitive verb:

    She slept for a whole day

    Ada travelled with Obi to Enugu

  • Sentences with linking verbs:

    He became a lawyer

    Your friend seems a very nice person

  • Sentences with special transitive verbs like the following:

    They have a nice house

    The arrangement suits me

    The new dress fits the girl

4.   Some of the special transitive verbs can, however, occur in the passive without the by phrase

Examples:

Our library contains many books = Many books are contained in our library

REFERENCES

  1. Oral English Without Tears by I. Udoka
  2. New Oxford Secondary  English Course for SSS 2 by Ayo Banjo et al

Intensive English for SSS 2 by Benson O. Oluikpe et al

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