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SS2: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Electoral Process | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Types of Electoral Process | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Electoral Process Continues - Proportional, Representation, Repeated Ballot, Direct and Indirect Elections | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Ballot Systems | Types of Voting | Week 4
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Organization of Election | Week 5
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Electoral Commission and Electoral Officers | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Public Opinion and Mass Media | Week 7
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Civil Service | Week 8
    6 Topics
  9. Personnel Administration in the Civil Service | Week 9
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Public Corporation | Week 10
    9 Topics
  11. Commercialization, Privatization and Deregulation of Public Corporations | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Voting by Proxy:

Voting by Proxy is the type where voters may delegate their voting power to a representative to cast votes in their absence. This type is used in the USA in corporate governance and in the United Kingdom though there are conditions that must be met before voting time. It ensures all are given the opportunity to vote but it is prone to misrepresentation and manipulation.

Electronic Voting:

Electronic Voting allows voters to register their votes through the internet. There are three main types:

1. Optical Scanning: In this type of voting machine paper ballots are given to voters to mark their preference, thereafter the paper is scanned for electronic tabulation. It is similar to traditional voting. This method makes the counting of votes and release of voting results faster.

2. Direct Recording Electronic Machines: This type does not make use of ballot papers rather voters input their votes electronically. These votes are recorded and stored electronically. This method is used nationwide in India and Brazil (Push button DRE Voting Machines). Many countries use different versions of this.

3. Internet Voting: Internet voting permits voters to register their votes over the internet. There may be physical polling places designated for voting or it may permit voters to use their own devices in their homes. This type is rare.  Estonia uses this type of voting nationwide. 

Postal Voting:

This includes voting through e-mail or Fax. It is voting in which ballot papers are distributed to voters. The voters return their ballot papers through the post. But the postal votes must be distributed and placed in return mail before the scheduled election day. It ensures that voters are not excluded from voting but it is prone to rigging.

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