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SS2: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Electoral Process | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Types of Electoral Process | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Electoral Process Continues - Proportional, Representation, Repeated Ballot, Direct and Indirect Elections | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Ballot Systems | Types of Voting | Week 4
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Organization of Election | Week 5
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Electoral Commission and Electoral Officers | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Public Opinion and Mass Media | Week 7
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Civil Service | Week 8
    6 Topics
  9. Personnel Administration in the Civil Service | Week 9
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Public Corporation | Week 10
    9 Topics
  11. Commercialization, Privatization and Deregulation of Public Corporations | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Functions of Electoral Commission:

The main task of the electoral commission, in summary, is to plan, organize and conduct elections. In detail, their duties include:

(i) Constitutional Delineation: Electoral Commission divide the country into electoral districts for election purpose.

(ii) It registers political parties which will field candidates to fill vacant political posts.

(iii) It registers voters who are qualified to vote in an election.

(iv) It displays the voter’s register for the electorate to know their voting centres and units.

(v) It is the duty of the electoral commission to recruit and train electoral officers including Adhoc staff.

(vi) It provides the electoral materials including printing ballot papers, ink, ballot boxes, writing materials, a list of voters, card reader machines, etc.

(vii) It is the duty of the Electoral Commission to provide adequate security for voters, ballot papers, electoral officers, result sheets, etc.

(viii) It provides adequate logistics and transportation to ensure that election materials and officers arrived at polling stations in time all over the country.

(ix) It provides polling booths.

(x) It counts and collates election results.

(xi) It announces or declares election results.

(xii) It issues a certificate of return.

(xiii) It provides election guidelines, timetables, and electoral laws.

(xiv) It will entertain election petitions and also answer issues raised in the courts pertaining to elections or election tribunals.

Problems of Electoral Commission:

Problems of Electoral Commission include:

(i) Election Malpractice: Candidates, political parties, supporters even security officials engage in election rigging to enable their candidates to win.

(ii) Insecurity: Even the security personnel, highly placed people, and political leaders are a threat to election materials and results.

(iii) Government Interference: The power of the incumbent at times sways election results in favour of their party.

(iv) Inadequate Funding: Shortage of funds hinder the work of the electoral commission.

(v) Bribery And Corruption: Electoral Commission Officers have been accused and some found guilty of bribery and corruption to compromise election results. There is the pressure of financial inducement by desperate candidates/Parties.

(vi) Logistic Problems: The commission is confronted with logistic challenges such as transportation of materials, network, communication, etc.

(vii) Desperate politicians and political parties disregard election guidelines and rules.

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