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SS2: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Electoral Process | Week 1
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Types of Electoral Process | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Electoral Process Continues - Proportional, Representation, Repeated Ballot, Direct and Indirect Elections | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Ballot Systems/Types of Voting | Week 4
    3 Topics
  5. Organization of Election | Week 5
    4 Topics
  6. Electoral Commission and Electoral Officers | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Public Opinion and Mass Media | Week 7
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Civil Service | Week 8
    6 Topics
  9. Personnel Administration in the Civil Service | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Public Corporation | Week 10
    9 Topics
  11. Commercialization, Privatization and Deregulation of Public Corporations | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Direct Election allows the electorate to cast their votes to fill vacant positions in public office. The registered voters directly elect political office holders, not through intermediaries.

Merits of Direct Elections

(i) It is democratic as electorates elect candidates of their choice.

(ii) It promotes popular sovereignty

(iii) It promotes political participation as many people will be involved in the voting process. 

(iv) It promotes political equality among the voters “Mr. ‘A’s” vote is equal to “Mr. ‘B’s” vote. All votes carry the same right.

(v) The rulers are more responsible and accountable to the people as they may need their support again in future elections.

Demerits of Direct Election

(i) It is expensive to conduct direct elections. A lot of funds, personnel are needed to conduct a direct election.

(ii) In an illiterate society, a direct election may not work as many voters may vote blindly due to ignorance. Some of them can be bought over. Some may also vote on impulse or sentiments.

(iii) It can be time-consuming and cumbersome due to the large number of voters involved.

(iv) Elections may result in conflict, thuggery and intimidation of opponents. 

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