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SS2: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Electoral Process | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Types of Electoral Process | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Electoral Process Continues - Proportional, Representation, Repeated Ballot, Direct and Indirect Elections | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Ballot Systems | Types of Voting | Week 4
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Organization of Election | Week 5
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Electoral Commission and Electoral Officers | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Public Opinion and Mass Media | Week 7
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Civil Service | Week 8
    6 Topics
  9. Personnel Administration in the Civil Service | Week 9
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Public Corporation | Week 10
    9 Topics
  11. Commercialization, Privatization and Deregulation of Public Corporations | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Topic Content:

  • Meaning of Proportional Representation
  • Types of Proportional Representation
    • List Proportional Representation
    • The Single Transferrable Vote
  • Merits of Proportional Representation
  • Demerits of Proportional Representation

It is a system of allocating seats in the legislature to political parties in proportion to popular votes cast in favour of the political parties in an election. Electoral seats are allotted to contending political parties in proportion to the total number of votes the party received.

Seats are shared strictly according to the electoral strength of the Political Parties.

There are two main types of proportional representation:

1. List Proportional Representation:

This type is usually used in multi-member constituencies where voters rank their vote in their order of preference for the parties which have registered a list of candidates. At the end of the election, political parties are allotted seats in proportion to their overall share of the total votes and the winning candidates are taken from their ranking on the list.

There are two types of list Proportional representation:

 

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