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SS2: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Electoral Process | Week 1
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Types of Electoral Process | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Electoral Process Continues - Proportional, Representation, Repeated Ballot, Direct and Indirect Elections | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Ballot Systems/Types of Voting | Week 4
    3 Topics
  5. Organization of Election | Week 5
    4 Topics
  6. Electoral Commission and Electoral Officers | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Public Opinion and Mass Media | Week 7
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Civil Service | Week 8
    6 Topics
  9. Personnel Administration in the Civil Service | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Public Corporation | Week 10
    9 Topics
  11. Commercialization, Privatization and Deregulation of Public Corporations | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Election is the method or process by which people vote to choose a person or group of people to hold an official position. Election is used also to make a collective decision or express an opinion usually following discussion, debates, or campaigns.

In a democratic state, elections are used to fill vacant political posts. In a referendum, plebiscites are held to ensure people’s opinion forms part of government Voters are called electorate while people to be voted for are called candidates.

Purpose of Election

(i) Elections are held to fill vacant seats in the government. At the end of the tenure of a government, there is a need to organize elections to fill vacant seats.

(ii) Election is the process by which the electorate express their views, opinions or attitude.

(iii) Popularity and acceptability of candidates and Political parties can be measured through elections.

(iv) Election makes it possible for those in government to give account of their stewardship. Bad government can be voted out.

(v) It offers a smooth and peaceful method of changing government thereby ensuring political stability.

(vi) It promotes wide-scope political participation.

(vii) Election promotes political enlightenment through campaigns, political debates, and discussion. This may in the process lead to the resolution of some national issues and draw national integration programmes for the government.

(viii) It can help to resolve public issues and guide the government in making informed decisions.

(ix) It gives legitimacy to the government that emerges.

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