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SS2: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Electoral Process | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Types of Electoral Process | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Electoral Process Continues - Proportional, Representation, Repeated Ballot, Direct and Indirect Elections | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Ballot Systems | Types of Voting | Week 4
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Organization of Election | Week 5
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Electoral Commission and Electoral Officers | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Public Opinion and Mass Media | Week 7
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Civil Service | Week 8
    6 Topics
  9. Personnel Administration in the Civil Service | Week 9
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Public Corporation | Week 10
    9 Topics
  11. Commercialization, Privatization and Deregulation of Public Corporations | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Meaning of Free and Fair Election:

Free and fair elections are elections that are devoid of any form of irregularity or fraud. It is a crucial element of democracy.

In a democracy, all qualified citizens of voting age must have the right to be registered and to vote for candidates or parties of their choice without fear or favour, intimidation, or inducement.

Above all, the electoral process must give equal playing ground to all contestants (Candidates and Political Parties) in such a manner that all, including contestants, the electorate, observers and the general public will be convinced that no candidate, including the incumbent government, has been given undue advantage.

Features of Free and Fair Election:

(i) There is the existence of an independent umpire to organize and conduct elections.

(ii) Elections shall be periodic and regular e.g in Nigeria, every 4 years.

(iii) The Constituencies shall be delineated properly to prevent giving any candidate or political party undue advantage.

(iv) There exists more than one political party to contest elections. The party system shall be a two or multi-party system.

(v) Voters’ register is updated regularly.

(vi) The voter’s register is displayed regularly and periodically to prevent any disenfranchisement.

(vii) Qualification requirements for election must be stipulated and given adequate publicity.

(viii) Adequate election personnel and materials shall be provided for election such as polling officers, polling offices, ballot boxes, and papers.

 (ix) All election materials, electoral officers and voters should be adequately secured.

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