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SS2: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Electoral Process | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Types of Electoral Process | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Electoral Process Continues - Proportional, Representation, Repeated Ballot, Direct and Indirect Elections | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Ballot Systems | Types of Voting | Week 4
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Organization of Election | Week 5
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Electoral Commission and Electoral Officers | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Public Opinion and Mass Media | Week 7
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Civil Service | Week 8
    6 Topics
  9. Personnel Administration in the Civil Service | Week 9
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Public Corporation | Week 10
    9 Topics
  11. Commercialization, Privatization and Deregulation of Public Corporations | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Organization of election comes in three major stages:

(a) Election preparation
(b) Election Proper
(c) The period immediately after election

Election Preparation:

Before an election will be conducted in a state, the following are to be in place:

(i) Establishment of an electoral commission to plan, organize and conduct elections.

(ii) The independent electoral commission (the umpire) shall establish rules to guide the elections.

(iii) It will also delineate the constituency.

(iv) It will register voters and review voters’ register.

(v) The political parties to contest for posts are to be registered.

(vi) There will also be the nomination of candidates to represent political parties in elections.

(vii) Campaign and rallies by the political parties and candidates to influence the decision-making.

Election Proper:

This includes:

1. Voting
2. Counting of votes
3. Declaration of result
4. Issuance of Certificate

(i) Voting: Voting is organized by the electoral commission. Voters are assigned to polling units. The electoral commission appoints Adhoc officials that will man the units. These officials are trained prior to the election day. Electoral officers check for the voter’s name using the card reader machine and voter’s register. If confirmed, the voter is issued a ballot paper to cast his vote.

(ii) Counting of Votes: At the end of voting, votes are counted at various polling units and recorded. The poll officer will count and collate the scores. This is done at different levels.

(iii) Declaration of Election Results: Election results after counting and collation are declared by the electoral commissioner of the state or chairman of the electoral commission depending on the election.

(iv) Issuance of Certificate to Winning Candidate: Winners of the election are issued certificates of return by the commission through the returning officer.

The Period Immediately After Election:

Immediately after election, two activities may follow:

(i) The elects will be sworn in.

(ii) There will be entertainment of election petitions of the aggrieved by election tribunals and the courts.

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