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SS2: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Electoral Process | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Types of Electoral Process | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Electoral Process Continues - Proportional, Representation, Repeated Ballot, Direct and Indirect Elections | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Ballot Systems | Types of Voting | Week 4
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Organization of Election | Week 5
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Electoral Commission and Electoral Officers | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Public Opinion and Mass Media | Week 7
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Civil Service | Week 8
    6 Topics
  9. Personnel Administration in the Civil Service | Week 9
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Public Corporation | Week 10
    9 Topics
  11. Commercialization, Privatization and Deregulation of Public Corporations | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Public Opinion is a total/general view held by the majority of people in a community on a given public issue at a given time. It can also be defined as the attitude, beliefs, and values which are seen to be commonly held and expressed by a majority of the citizens on a given public issue.

Characteristics of Public Opinion:

(i) Public Opinion is an opinion held by the majority on a given public issue.

(ii) Issues that concern the general public is the central factor in public opinion e.g. Social, Economic, Political Issues.

(iii) Information and Communication are important in the formation of public opinion.

(iv) Public opinion is dynamic. It changes with time.

(vi) Public opinion is not held on a general public issue but on specific issues of the state.

(v) It is also seen as an expression made by private individuals, not the government or any public institutions.

Formation of Public Opinion:

(i) Public opinion can be formed through information provided by the mass media.

(ii) The organizations that people belong to e.g religion or social groups provide information that helps form public opinion.

(iii) Pressure groups or internet groups also give information to their members and the general public that helps them form opinions.

(iv) Public lectures, seminars, symposia, and conferences enable people to form opinions.

(v) Families also help their wards to form public opinions.

(vi) Peer groups assist in the formation of opinion

(vii) Education Institutions help in the formation of public opinion through information derived from books, libraries, teachers, clubs and societies, etc. 

(viii) Influential people in the society such as political leaders, traditional rulers, etc. also help in the formation of public opinion.

(ix) Political parties serve as an aggregating factor for people’s opinions.

(x) Trade Unions that people belong to serve as the source of information which helps in building public opinion.

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