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Surface area of cone:

Consider the diagram 1 and 2 above, to show that a sector of a circle can be bent to form the curved surface of an open cone. In diagram 1, the sector OAXB is of radius l and arc AXB subtends angle at θ. This sector is bent to form a cone of base radius r and slant height – see Diagram 2.


(a) The area of the sector is equal to the area of the curved surface of the cone.

(b) The length of arc AXB in Diagram 1 is the same as the circumference of the circular base of the cone in Diagram 2.

Curve Surface Area of Cone = \( \frac {\theta}{360} \scriptsize \: \times \: \pi l^2 \) …………(1)

Also, Circumference of circular base of the cone = Length of Arc AXB

i.e.  2πr = \( \frac {\theta}{360} \scriptsize \: \times \: 2 \pi l \) ……………(2)

From equation (2) \( \frac {r}{l} = \frac {\theta}{360} \)

Substitue for \( \frac {\theta}{360}\) in equation 1

i.e. Curved surface area of cone =\( \frac {r}{l}\: \times \: \pi l^2 \)

Therefore, Curved surface area of cone = πrl

Therefore, Total Surface area of cone = \( \scriptsize πrl+πr^2\)

= \( \scriptsize πr(l\:+\:r)\)


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