Lesson 8, Topic 3
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# For a Simple Pendulum

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### Topic Content:

• For a Simple Pendulum

Below we show that the motion of the bob of a simple pendulum is simple harmonic.

If a bob of mass, m, of a simple pendulum, is slightly displaced through a small angle and allowed to oscillate about O.

Suppose it is at A, at any instance in time during oscillations and Î¸ is the angle POA, subtended by the string with the vertical.

mg is the force acting on the bob at point A in a vertically downward direction.

At A, the bob is at its extreme position. its velocity is zero, and its component mg cos Î¸ is balanced by the tension in the string which is clear from Fig. 2 below.

Hence the equation becomes: T âˆ’ mgcosÎ¸ = 0

The force that tends to move it towards the centre O, in the direction opposite to increasing Î¸ = -mg sinÎ¸

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#### Responses

1. Thank, this is Comprehensive

2. Thank you, this is Comprehensive