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## SS2: PHYSICS - 2ND TERM

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Lesson 8, Topic 2
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# Boyle’s Law

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#### Topic Content:

• Boyle’s Law
• Experimental Verification of Boyle’s Law
• Calculations Using Boyle’s Law

Boyle’s law states that “the pressure of a fixed mass of a gas is inversely proportional to its volume provided that the temperature is kept constant.

$$\scriptsize P \propto \normalsize \frac{1}{V} \scriptsize \: or \: PV = Constant \: (k)$$

Any change in the volume occupied by a gas (at constant quantity and temperature) will result in a change in its pressure. In other words, the product of the initial pressure and the initial volume of a gas is equal to the product of its final pressure and final volume (at constant temperature). This law can be expressed mathematically as follows:

P1V1 = P2V2

This expression can be obtained from the pressure-volume relationship suggested by Boyle’s law. For a fixed amount of gas kept at a constant temperature, PV = k. Therefore,

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