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SS3: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE - 1ST TERM

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  1. Crop Improvement | Week 1
    9 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Animal Improvement | Week 2
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Animal Health Management I - Introduction | Week 3
    7 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Animal Health Management II | Week 4
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Animal Health Management III | Week 5
    7 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Aquaculture | Week 6
    11 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Apiculture or Bee-keeping | Week 7
    10 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Content:

  • Theory Questions & Answers
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Evaluation Questions – Animal Health Management II:

1. (a) Name the causative agent of each of the following livestock diseases:
(i) Food and mouth;
(ii) Rinderpest;
(iii) Newcastle

(b) Name three animals that can be affected by each of the diseases listed in (a).

(c) State four symptoms of foot and mouth disease and three symptoms of each for rinderpest and Newcastle diseases

 

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Evaluation – Animal Health II

1. (a) Name the causative agent of each of the following livestock diseases:

(i) Food and mouth; (ii) Rinderpest; (III) Newcastle

Answer:

(i) Food and Mouth – Virus
(ii) Rinderpest – Virus
(iii) Newcastle – Virus

 

(b) Name three animals that can be affected by each of the diseases listed in (a).

Answer:

(i) Food and Mouth – Cattle, Sheep and Goat.
(ii) Rinderpest – Cattle, Pig, Sheep
(iii) Newcastle – Domestic fowl, Turkey, Duck

 

(c) State four symptoms of foot and mouth disease and three symptoms of each for rinderpest and Newcastle diseases.

Answer:

Symptoms of foot and mouth disease are:

  • Blisters on the tongue
  • Blisters on the mouth
  • Blisters on the udder and on the foot
  • High fever
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Animal is dull (lameness)
  • Salivation

Symptoms of Rinderpest disease are:

  • High mortality rate
  • High fever
  • Discharge of watery mucus from eyes and nostrils, occasionally including blood
  • Dullness and loss of appetite
  • Low milk yield
  • Inflammation of the membrane of the digestive tract
  • Ulcers on the mucous membrane of the mouth

Symptoms of Newcastle disease are:

  • Nervous disorder or twisting of the neck
  • Presence of greenish diarrhoea
  • High mortality and low egg production

2. (a) Complete the following table under the following;

Name of Disease Causal Organism Farm Animals
Affected
Symptoms Control 
Brucellosis Brucella abortus Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Pig, Camel, Horse, Donkey
  • High fever/Pyrexia
  • Diarrhoea and dysentery
  • Posterior paralysis
  • Wobbled movement
  • Regular vaccination
  • Proper sanitation
  • Isolation of infected animals
  • Report any occurrence to the nearest veterinary officer
Aspergillosis Aspergillus fumigatus Poultry Birds, Pigs and Cattle
  • Abortion in cattle
  • Loss of appetite and weight in poultry
  • Nervous sign in turkey
  • Difficult breathing
  • Whistling noise
  • Skin irritation
  • Anorexia
  • Respiratory disorder
  • Regular disinfection of pens and equipment
  • Avoid the use of mould feed and litter
  • Practice good sanitation and hygiene
  • Spray with fungicides to prevent the growth of fungi spores
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