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History of Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC)

In May 1964, the regional body was established when the heads of states of Chad, Niger, Nigeria, and Cameroon met at N’Djamena Chad and a treaty was formally signed establishing the commission. The Chad Basin is quite extensive and covers nearly 550,000 square kilometers.

Objectives of Lake Chad Basin Commission 

Some of the objectives of LCBC are:

1. To draw up common rules for navigation.

2. To fully exploit the potential resources available in each member section of the Lake Basin.

3. To harmonise and if necessary integrate all long-term fisheries programmes of member states.

4. To establish a framework of policy-making, implementation, and administration with regard to the general plan and also the development of the fishery industry.

5. To attract international financial assistance factor than embarking on individual projects that might not be financially attractive to donor nations.

Achievements of Lake Chad Basin Commission 

1. The commission established a development fund in 1972 financing the Lake Chad Basin Commission.

2. A great significant development was recorded by the commission in the areas of agriculture, fisheries, and animal husbandry within the member states.

3. A major water strategy was developed for optimal use of the extensive arable land of the basin; Also, boreholes and wells were sunk for provision of water in villages for irrigation purposes.

4. Significant progress was achieved in the promotion of commerce. Experts from member states produced a draft agreement for free trade in meat, cattle, and other agricultural producers.

5. The farmers are taught modern methods of farming e.g the use of equipment.

The Problems 

1. There is the problem of political instability within each member state. For quite a long time, Chad was engulfed in a prolonged civil war that prevented the country from effectively participating in the activities of the commission. Regional conflicts also posed a problem for instance the boundary dispute between Cameroon and Nigeria.

2. Irregular supply of water to those residing close to the Lake is another challenge because it resulted in navigation and agricultural hazards for member countries.

3. There is also the problem of accessibility to other countries by land-locked members like Chad and Niger.


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