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SS3: ECONOMICS - 2ND TERM

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  1. Balance of Payment I | Week 1
    4 Topics
  2. Balance of Payment II | Week 2
    4 Topics
  3. Economic Growth & Development | Week 3
    1 Topic
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Economic Development Planning | Week 4
    2 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. International Economic Organisations I | Week 5
    4 Topics
  6. International Economic Organisations II | Week 6
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Current Economic Plans | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Economic Development Challenges | Week 8
    4 Topics
  9. Economic Reform Programs | Week 9
    5 Topics



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Lesson 9, Topic 4
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The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC)

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The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) is a Nigerian government agency under the Federal Ministry of Health that is responsible for regulating and controlling the Manufacturing, Importation, Exportation, Advertisement, Distribution, Sale, and use of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, chemicals, and prepackaged water.

The organization was formed to checkmate illicit and counterfeit products in Nigeria in 1993 under the country’s health and safety law Adulterated and counterfeit drugs are problem in Nigeria.  

In one 1989 incident, over 150 children died as a result of paracetamol syrup containing diethylene glycol, to the extent that countries officially banned the sale of drugs, foods, and beverages products made in Nigeria.   This led to the establishment of NAFDAC, with the goal of eliminating counterfeit pharmaceuticals, foods, and beverages products that are not manufactured in Nigeria and ensuring that available medications are safe and effective.

The formation of NAFDAC was inspired by a 1998 World Health organisation resolution requesting countries’ help in combating the global health threat posed by counterfeit pharmaceuticals. On January 1, 1994 NAFDAC was officially established as a parastatal of the Federal Ministry of Health. It replaced an earlier Federal Ministry of Health body, the Directorate of Food and Drug Administration and Control, which had been deemed ineffective, partially because of a lack of laws concerning fake drugs. President Olusegun Obasanjo’s administration dissolved the management of NAFDAC in August 2000. In April 2001, a new management, with Dr. Dora Akunyili as Director-General, was inaugurated after her we have had other directors – The reorganization brought about the following:

  • The outright ban on the importation of drugs and other regulated products through land borders.
  • The designation of Calabar and Apapa Seaports, Murtala Muhammed, and Mallam Aminu Kano International Airports as exclusive ports of entry for the importation of drugs and pharmaceutical raw materials.
  • Release of shipping and cargo manifests by the Nigeria Ports Authority, Shipping lines and airlines to NAFDAC inspectors.

NAFDAC has 6 zonal and 36 state offices for easier accessibility.

Functions of The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC)

1. Regulate and control the importation, exportation, manufacture, advertisement, distribution, sale, and use of drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water, and chemicals.

2. Conduct appropriate tests and ensures compliance with standard specifications designated and approved by the council for the effected control of the quality of drugs, food cosmetics, etc.

3. Undertake appropriate investigation into the production premises and raw materials for foods, drugs, cosmetics, etc. 

4. Undertake inspection of imported foods, drugs medical devices etc.

5. Undertake the registration of food, drugs bottled water and chemicals

6. Control the exportation and issue quality certification of food, drugs, bottled water, etc.

7. Establish and maintain relevant laboratories or other institutions in strategic areas of Nigeria as may be necessary for the performance of its functions.

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