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SS3: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Development of Political Parties in Nigeria | Week 1
    5 Topics
  2. Development of Political Parties in Nigeria: Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP), The Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Development of Political Parties in Nigeria: The National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), Action Group (AG), The Northern People Congress (NPC) | Week 3
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Development of Political Parties in Nigeria: Minority Parties (NEPU, UMBC) | Week 4
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Second Republic Political Parties: NPN, UPN, NPP | Week 5
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Second Republic Political Parties: GNPP, PRP AND NAP | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Third Republic & Fourth Republic Political Parties | Week 7
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Major Political Crises in Nigeria: Kano Riot, Census Crisis, Action Group Crisis | Week 8
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Major Political Crises | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Military Rule in Nigeria | Week 10
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  11. Military Rule Continues: 1985 - 1993 | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  12. E-government | Week 12
    3 Topics



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Topic Content:

  • Theory Questions & Answers – Development of Political Parties in Nigeria

Evaluation Questions:

1. State the origin of the development of political parties in Nigeria.

2. List five (5) reasons for the growth of political parties in Nigeria.

3. What were the roles of pre-independence political parties in the achievement of independence in Nigeria?

4. What were the problems of the pre-independence political parties in Nigeria?

5. Relate the importance of post-independence Political Parties in Nigeria.

6. Analyse the contributions of pre-independence political parties to the contribution of constitutional development in Nigeria.

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Evaluation Questions – Development of Political Parties in Nigeria

1. State the origin of the development of political parties in Nigeria.

Answer: The history of political development parties during the colonial era in West Africa was formed by newly educated elites to fight the political, economic and socio-cultural domination of Nigerians by the colonial masters. The Struggle transcended to agitation for political participation and later to political independence.

 

2. List five (5) reasons for the growth of political parties in Nigeria.

Answer:

  • Ill-treatment, domination and subjugation of Nigerians by the Whites: The Europeans intimidated the traditional rulers to sign off their mandate with their weapons. They also segregated them in the civil service etc.
  • Development of means of Communication and Transportation: The development of means of communication and transportation like the print media, trains etc. made it possible for the new educated elites to travel from towns to mobilize political support and form political parties.
  • Introduction of Elective Principle: With the introduction of the elective principle in 1922 to elect African representatives into the legislative council, political parties were formed to contest for elective seats in the legislative council.
  • Encouragement and moral support from other black Organizations: The Nigerian Nationalists received encouragement and moral support from the Pan-Africanist movement, the Universal Negro Improvement Association, League of coloured people, West African Student Union, etc
  • The success was recorded by some countries formerly colonised by Britain: Some countries like India, Sri-lanka, Uganda, Malaysia etc. have succeeded in gaining their independence. This boosted the morale of our nationalists e.g. India gained it in 1946, Ghana in 1957, Sri-lanka in 1947, etc.
  • The development and growth of African-controlled newspapers: Through the media, they were able to create political awareness and mobilise mass support e.g. West African Pilot- 1938, Connect, Lagos weekly Record, Nigerian Tribune, etc.

 

3. What were the roles of pre-independence political parties in the achievement of independence in Nigeria?

Answer: 

  • Provision of leadership for constitutional reforms. The members of the different pre-independence political parties spearheaded agitations for different constitutional development in Nigeria.
  • They opposed colonial government through their constant criticisms e.g. in 1920 the nationalist sent delegates to London with several demands. In 1946, they organised a nationwide strike. They also criticized the 1946 Richard’s Constitution for non-consultation with Nigerians while the constitution was drafted.
  • They provided political enlightenment through rallies, their write-ups, in locally controlled newspapers and campaigns.
  • The parties sent delegates that represented them in the constitutional conferences in 1953 and 1957 etc.
  • Political parties formed governments in their various regions under the 1951 constitution. They formed the basis for self-government in Eastern and Western regions in 1957, the Northern region in 1959 and eventually independence in 1960.

 

4. What were the problems of the pre-independence political parties in Nigeria?

Answer: 

  • Regionally Based: The political parties were regionally based without a national outlook.
  • Personal Establishments: The parties were founded by a few ethnic leaders who managed the political parties as personal establishments.
  • Intra Party Conflicts: Inter and Intraparty conflicts were the order of the day, hence factions always sprang up.
  • Carpet Crossing: This was a common feature and it contributed to weakening the party.
  • Provision of Poor Quality of Education: The political parties were unable to provide qualitative education because, in their campaigns, they emphasized personalities rather than issues.

 

5. Relate the importance of Post-Independence Political Parties in Nigeria.

Answer: 

  • Post-Independence Political Parties provided political ideologies as to how the county should be governed e.g. Capitalism, Socialism, etc.
  • They educated the people on political issues. They even taught the masses how to vote.
  • They provided alternative terms as to how to run the government.
  • The minority parties helped to check the excesses of the government.
  • The parties provided a forum for the citizens to politically participate in the process of public decision-making.
  • They united people from different segments of society on some ideas in politics.
  • The parties helped to train young Nigerians in the art of governance.

 

6. Analyse the contributions of pre-independence political parties to the contribution of constitutional development in Nigeria.

Answer:

  • Provision of Leadership for Constitutional Reforms. The members of the different Pre-Independence political parties spearheaded agitations for different constitutional development in Nigeria.
  • They opposed colonial government through their constant criticism e.g. in 1920, the nationalist sent delegates to London with several demands. In 1946, they organized a nationwide strike. They also criticised the 1946 Richard’s Constitution for non-consultation with Nigerians while the constitution was drafted.
  • They provided enlightenment politically through rallies and their write-ups in locally controlled Newspapers and campaigns.
  • The parties sent delegates that represented them in constitutional conferences that led to the attainment of political independence e.g. The 1951 Ibadan Constitutional Conference in 1953 and 1957, etc.
  • Political parties formed governments in their various regions under the 1951 constitution. This formed the basis for self-government in Eastern and Western regions in 1957. The northern region in 1959 and eventually independence in 1960.

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