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SS3: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Development of Political Parties in Nigeria | Week 1
    5 Topics
  2. Development of Political Parties in Nigeria: Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP), The Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Development of Political Parties in Nigeria: The National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), Action Group (AG), The Northern People Congress (NPC) | Week 3
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Development of Political Parties in Nigeria: Minority Parties (NEPU, UMBC) | Week 4
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Second Republic Political Parties: NPN, UPN, NPP | Week 5
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Second Republic Political Parties: GNPP, PRP AND NAP | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Third Republic & Fourth Republic Political Parties | Week 7
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Major Political Crises in Nigeria: Kano Riot, Census Crisis, Action Group Crisis | Week 8
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Major Political Crises | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Military Rule in Nigeria | Week 10
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  11. Military Rule Continues: 1985 - 1993 | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  12. E-government | Week 12
    3 Topics



Lesson Progress
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Topic Content:

  • Causes of the Nigerian Civil War
    • Remote Causes of Nigerian Civil War
    • Immediate Causes of the Civil War
  • Efforts Made to Prevent Nigeria’s Civil War
  • Decisions of the Aburi Meeting in Ghana
  • Effects of Nigeria’s Civil War
  • How to Prevent Any Civil War

Civil War: A war between groups of people in the same country e.g. Nigerian Civil War.

The Nigerian Civil War started on the 30th of May 1967 and ended on the 15th of January 1970. The main cause of the civil war was the power tussle within the Nigerian Military between Ojukwu and Gowon.

Causes of Nigerian Civil War:

Remote Causes of Nigerian Civil War: 

  • One of the remote causes of the Nigerian Civil War was unhealthy ethnic rivalry among the ethnic groups.
  • Political Parties were based on ethnic groupings and these political parties were antagonistic to one another. e.g. NPC – Northern Party, AG – Western Party, NCNC – Eastern-based political party.
  • The introduction of Decree No. 34 of 1966 (Unification decree) by the military head of state, General J. T. U. Aguiyi Ironsi, did not go down well with some regions.
  • Another remote cause was the census crisis of 1962/63. Some regions did not accept the census result in the court of law.
  • Again is the inability of the government to maintain law and order in all parts of the Federation especially the wanton destruction of properties, arsons and widespread killings – the aftermath of the western region election in October 1966.
  • Politicisation of the Army: The army had been Politicised and divided along ethnic lines.
  • The killing of Civilian Political Leaders by the 1966 Coup plotters and the refusal by the head of state to try them was another remote cause of the civil war.
  • Tribal Domination: The fear of one tribe dominating the army was another remote cause.

Immediate Causes of the Civil War:

  • The mass killing of the Igbos in the North to retaliate against the killing of the Northern Political Leaders was an immediate cause of the civil war.

 

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