Lesson 5, Topic 1
In Progress

# Alternating Current (A.C)

Lesson Progress
0% Complete

An alternating current (A.C) is the one that varies sinusoidal in such a way as to reverse its direction periodically.

An a.c is represented by

I = IOsinωt = IOsin2πft

I = instantaneous current

f= frequency

ωt= phase angle of the current

ω = angular velocity

IO= maximum or peak current

Also, alternating voltage is

V= VOsinωt = VOsin2πft

Peak and r.m.s Values of A.C

The peak value of an a.c current is the maximum value or the amplitude of the a.c current or voltage.

The average value of an a.c current is the sum of the current /voltage above the zero line. The average is zero as it changes between maximum position and negative maximum.

Root mean square (r.m.s) current is that steady current that will develop the same quantity of heat in the same time in the same resistance.

The r.m.s value for the current is

Ir.m.s =  $$\frac {I_0}{\sqrt{2}}$$

Ir.m.s = 0.707I0

Vr.m.s = 0.707V0.

Example

An a.c current has a peak value of 4A, calculate: (i) r.m.s current (ii) current at an instant when ωt = 600 and 1500

Solution

(i) Ir.m.s = 0.707I0

= 0.707 x 4

= 2.83A

(ii) I = I0Sinωt

= 4Sin60 = 3.46A

1. I = I0Sinωt

= 4Sin150 = 2A

#### Responses error: