Back to Course

JSS3: ENGLISH LANGUAGE – 2ND TERM

0% Complete
0/0 Steps
  1. JSS3: English Second Term Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    3 Quizzes
  2. JSS3: English Second Term Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. JSS3: English Second Term Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. JSS3: English Second Term Week 4
    5 Topics
    |
    3 Quizzes
  5. JSS3: English Second Term Week 5
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. JSS3: English Second Term Week 6
    5 Topics
  7. JSS3: English Second Term Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    4 Quizzes
  8. JSS3: English Second Term Week 8
    6 Topics
    |
    4 Quizzes
  9. JSS3: English Second Term Week 9
    1 Topic
Quiz 10 of 23

JSS3: English Comprehension Exercise – Life History of a Mosquito | Week 5

Read the Passage Carefully and Answer the questions that follow

Life History of a Mosquito

Egg-laying

The mosquito has a life-cycle which resembles that of a housefly. The female mosquito lays her eggs in stagnant waiter such a swamps, pools, ponds, blocked drains or water in cans and barrels. The Anopheles mosquito lays eggs singly. Each Anopheles egg is boat-shaped with an air-float which keeps the egg afloat. The eggs of the Culex mosquito stick together to form a raft. Each Culex egg is less than 1mm long and hatches into the larva between one and two days after it is laid.

Larva

The larva, which emerges after a few days, is very active. The larva has a comparatively large head, a thorax of three fused segments, and nine distinct abdominal segments. The head of the larva bears a pair of very short antennae, a pair of eyes, jaws, and two small brushes which help to draw particles of food towards the mouth. The mosquito larva, though aquatic, obtains oxygen from the atmosphere through the breathing tube and spiracles located on the last but one abdominal segment. The mosquito larva moults four times and changes into a pupa after about ten days.

Pupa

The pupa, like the larva, is very active. It has a large anterior end made up of the head and thorax called the cephalothorax. The entire body of the pupa is curved like a comma. Like the larva, the pupa is aquatic but uses atmospheric oxygen. The pupa has a pair of spiracles on the dorsal surface of the head. The spiracles reach up to the water surface as breathing trumpets. The pupa does not feed. In less than one week, the imago appears.

Imago

The pupal skin splits along the back to release the adult mosquito. The whole process of releasing the imago takes only a few minutes.

Economic importance of the mosquito

Mosquitoes transmit disease-causing organisms such as the malaria parasite. They also pollinate flowers when feeding on the nectar of the flowers.

Responses

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

back-to-top
error: