Quiz 12 of 14

2015 GOVERNMENT WAEC Theory Past Questions

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(a) Constitutionalism is strict adherence to the provision of the constitution of the land by everyone including the leader.

(b) Factors that can promote constitutionalism:

(a) Separation of power implies that the three organs of government; the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary are separated in personnel and functions. This means that no one person or organ of government should combine the legislative, executive, and judiciary functions of government.

(b)  Operation of separation of power in the presidential system of government:

The operation of separation of powers in a cabinet system of government:

(a) Parliamentarianism is a system of government in which there exists a Head of state who performs ceremonial functions and a Head of government who performs executive functions.

(b) Differences between the parliamentary and presidential system of government:

(a) Public opinion can be described as the aggregate views of the people at a given time and on a particular issue/matter.

(b) Ways by which public opinion can be formed:

(c) Ways of encouraging public opinion:

(a) Officials in the conduct of Election:

(b) Officials in the conduct of Election and their functions.

Functions of the Secretary of State for the colonies in the colonial period:

(a) Newspapers formed by nationalist in Nigeria after the Second World War:

(b) Roles played by local Newspapers in the struggle against colonial rule.

Achievements of the Action Group as a political party in Nigeria:

i. The party provided political education to the people.

ii. It formed the government of the Western Region.

iii. Chief Anthony Enahoro, A member of the party moved the motion for self-government for Nigeria in 1953.

iv. It participated in all constitutional conferences that led to the independence of Nigeria.

v. The party through its leader, Chief Obafemi Awolowo established the Nigerian Tribune.

vi. It introduced free education in all primary and secondary education in Nigeria.

vii. It established the first television station in Africa Western Nigerian Television (WNTV) in Ibadan.

viii. It built Liberty Stadium in Ibadan.

ix. It provided an effective opposition at the Centre during the first republic.

x. It served as a link between the people and the government.

xi. It provided infrastructural facilities in the western region.

xii. It established the famous University of Ife now Obafemi Awolowo University.

xiii. It established the Judicial Service Commission.

xv. It promoted agricultural development e.g. planting of cash crops.

xiv. It promoted rural development, by providing farm settlement schemes in the Western Region.

xvi. It provided free health care for children under 18 years.

xvii. The party (AG) along with NCNC struggled for self-rule for Nigeria.

(a)i. It is referred to as the armed forces comprising the Army (land troops), The Navy (sea troops), and the Air force (air troops).

(a)ii. The forceful overthrow of a constituted government by the armed forces.

(b) Features of military rule:

The military is characterized by control and use of means of violence.
Suspension of the constitution when they seize power.
Banning political parties.
Abuse of Fundamental Human Rights. There is a restriction on the movement of people and freedom of expression.
Perpetuates itself in office: The military stays in power and sometimes transforms into a civilian government.
A highly centralized system of government.
Rule by decrees.
Usually makes use of civilians in their administration.
Established military tribunals.
Indiscriminate arrest and detention of members of the previous government.
The fusion of both legislative and executive functions.
Characterized by instability, e.g. coups and counter-coups.
The regime is characterized by dictatorship.

Factors that determine the external relations of West African countries:

 

(a) Constitutionalism is strict adherence to the provision of the constitution of the land by everyone including the leader.

(b) Factors that can promote constitutionalism:

(a) Separation of power implies that the three organs of government; the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary are separated in personnel and functions. This means that no one person or organ of government should combine the legislative, executive, and judiciary functions of government.

(b)  Operation of separation of power in the presidential system of government:

The operation of separation of powers in a cabinet system of government:

(a) Parliamentarianism is a system of government in which there exists a Head of state who performs ceremonial functions and a Head of government who performs executive functions.

(b) Differences between the parliamentary and presidential system of government:

(a) Public opinion can be described as the aggregate views of the people at a given time and on a particular issue/matter.

(b) Ways by which public opinion can be formed:

(c) Ways of encouraging public opinion:

(a) Officials in the conduct of Election:

(b) Officials in the conduct of Election and their functions.

Functions of the Secretary of State for the colonies in the colonial period:

(a) Newspapers formed by nationalist in Nigeria after the Second World War:

(b) Roles played by local Newspapers in the struggle against colonial rule.

Achievements of the Action Group as a political party in Nigeria:

i. The party provided political education to the people.

ii. It formed the government of the Western Region.

iii. Chief Anthony Enahoro, A member of the party moved the motion for self-government for Nigeria in 1953.

iv. It participated in all constitutional conferences that led to the independence of Nigeria.

v. The party through its leader, Chief Obafemi Awolowo established the Nigerian Tribune.

vi. It introduced free education in all primary and secondary education in Nigeria.

vii. It established the first television station in Africa Western Nigerian Television (WNTV) in Ibadan.

viii. It built Liberty Stadium in Ibadan.

ix. It provided an effective opposition at the Centre during the first republic.

x. It served as a link between the people and the government.

xi. It provided infrastructural facilities in the western region.

xii. It established the famous University of Ife now Obafemi Awolowo University.

xiii. It established the Judicial Service Commission.

xv. It promoted agricultural development e.g. planting of cash crops.

xiv. It promoted rural development, by providing farm settlement schemes in the Western Region.

xvi. It provided free health care for children under 18 years.

xvii. The party (AG) along with NCNC struggled for self-rule for Nigeria.

(a)i. It is referred to as the armed forces comprising the Army (land troops), The Navy (sea troops), and the Air force (air troops).

(a)ii. The forceful overthrow of a constituted government by the armed forces.

(b) Features of military rule:

The military is characterized by control and use of means of violence.
Suspension of the constitution when they seize power.
Banning political parties.
Abuse of Fundamental Human Rights. There is a restriction on the movement of people and freedom of expression.
Perpetuates itself in office: The military stays in power and sometimes transforms into a civilian government.
A highly centralized system of government.
Rule by decrees.
Usually makes use of civilians in their administration.
Established military tribunals.
Indiscriminate arrest and detention of members of the previous government.
The fusion of both legislative and executive functions.
Characterized by instability, e.g. coups and counter-coups.
The regime is characterized by dictatorship.

Factors that determine the external relations of West African countries: