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  1. Balance of Payment I | Week 1
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  2. Balance of Payment II | Week 2
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  3. Economic Growth & Development | Week 3
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  4. Economic Development Planning | Week 4
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  5. International Economic Organisations I | Week 5
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  7. Current Economic Plans | Week 7
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  8. Economic Development Challenges | Week 8
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  9. Economic Reform Programs | Week 9
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Lesson 9, Topic 5
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The Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON)

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The Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON) is the sole statutory body that is vested with the responsibility of standardizing and regulating the quality of all products in Nigeria. When it was established by the General Yakubu Gowon military regime through Act 56 in 1971, it was called the Nigerian Standards Organization (NSO).

The Act establishing the body was amended in 1976 by the military regime of General Olusegun Obasanjo, in 1984 by the short-lived regime of Major – General Muhammed Buhari and in 1990 by the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida.

The Original Act provided the body with the authority to specify elaborate standards, as well as provide a quality assurance system for commodities, including manufactured, industrial, and imported products and services.   But the 1976 amendment to the Act conferred on the Minister of Industry the power to declare Mandatory Industrial Standards in respect of products or processes recommended by the Nigeria Standards council.

The 1984 amendment to the original Act changed the name of the body from the Nigerian Standards Organisation (NSO) to the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON) because the acronym, NSO, created confusion with a newly established security body known as the Nigeria Security Organization.  

In 1990, the amendment of the Act conferred partial autonomy on the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON)from the Ministry of Industry.  

The headquarters of the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON) is in Abuja, It also has operational offices in other parts of the country

Objectives of the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON)

1. To provide industries with up-to-date information on standardization and its benefits.

2. To encourage the participation of the Organized Private Sector (OPS) in standardization.

3. To ensure improved competitiveness of Nigerian goods at home and abroad by encouraging quality assurance practices.

4. To provide information, advice, and assistance to industries on quality management for improved cost-effectiveness.

5. To ensure adequate technical support for Nigerian industries to match the quality required for competitiveness in global trade.

Functions of SON

1. To investigate the quality of facilities, materials, and products in Nigeria and establish a quality assurance system, including certification of factories, products, and laboratories

2. To ensure references standards for calibration and verification of measures and measuring instruments

3. To compile an inventory of products requiring standardization

4. To register and regulate standard marks and specifications

5. To undertake preparation and distribution of standard samples

6. To develop methods for testing materials, supplies and equipment, including items purchased for use by state and Federal departments and private establishments.

Evaluations Questions

1. Explain the level of corruption and the current economy of Nigeria

2. Mention the functions of NAFDAC

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Evaluation questions

1. Explain the level of corruption and the current economy of Nigeria

2. Mention the functions of NAFDAC


1. Explain the level of corruption and the current economy of Nigeria

Corruption rendered Nigeria a classic study in the paradox of grinding poverty in the midst of God-given abundance. Massive brain-drain resulted as professionals trained with the country’s resources trooped abroad in their large numbers to greener pastures benefiting other societies with Nigeria’s investments and intellectual; resources while the country groaned under the death of crucial expertise

The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) was established in 2003, partially in response to pressure from the Financial Action Task Force on money laundering (FATF) which named Nigeria as one of 23 countries non-cooperative in the international community’s efforts to fight money laundering.

Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) was inaugurated on September 29, 2000, by the Nigeria President, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo. The commission is at the hub of Nigeria’s fight against corruption.

2. Mention the functions of NAFDAC

a. To establish and maintain relevant laboratories or other institutions in strategic areas of Nigeria

b. To control the exportation and issue quality certification of food, drugs, bottled water, etc.

c. To undertake the registration of food, drugs, bottled water, and chemicals

d. To undertake an inspection of imported foods, drugs, medical devices.

e. To undertake an appropriate investigation into the production premises and raw materials for foods, drugs, cosmetics, etc.

f. To conduct appropriate tests and ensure compliance with standard specifications designated.

g. To regulate and control the importation, exportation, manufacture, advertise, distribute, sale, and use of drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water, and chemicals.