SS2 Agricultural Science Scheme of Work for First Term

The table below is the SS2 Agricultural Science Scheme of Work for First Term.

Developed by the

Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC)



S/NTopic(s)Content
Sub: Theme
AGRICULTURAL ECOLOGY
1.Plant Nutrients
& Nutrient Cycle
a. Macro and Micro Nutrients: their
functions and deficiency symptoms
in crops.

b. Factors affecting availability of
nutrients such as pH, excess of other
nutrients, leaching and others.

c. Methods of replenishing lost
nutrients:
– crop rotation, organic maturing.

d. Nitrogen, Carbon, Water and
Phosphorous cycles:
– Diagrams, processes and importance
of each cycle.

e. Organic Agriculture
– Meaning and importance
2.Irrigationa. Meaning of irrigation system

b. Types of irrigation systems

c. Description of each irrigation system

d. The advantages and disadvantages of
each irrigation system

e. Importance/advantages of irrigation
system

f. Problems associated with irrigation
system
3.Drainagea. Meaning of drainage

b. Importance of drainage

c. Types of drainage

d. Description of the various types of
drainage

e. Advantages and disadvantages of each
4. Agricultural
Pollution
a. Meaning of Agricultural Pollution

b. Causes/Sources of Agricultural Pollution
of Agricultural Land and Fish Ponds:

– Excessive application of agricultural
chemicals
– Marine and oil spillage
– Livestock waste and dung disposal, etc

c. Effects of Land/Pond Pollution on Farmer
and Agricultural Productivity.
Sub: Theme
AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING
5.Farm Surveying
and Planning
a. Meaning of Farm Surveying

b. Common Surveying Equipment

c. Uses of each equipment

d. Maintenance measures on farm survey
equipment such as:

– Washing and drying
– Tightening screws and nuts

e. Importance of Farm Surveying

f. Meaning of farm stead

g. Importance of farm stead planning

– Definition of the goal of farm business
– Planning on how to achieve the goal, etc
6. Farm Planninga. Meaning of Farm Planning

b. Factors to be considered in Farming
Planning and the design of a farm stead.

c. Importance of Farm Planning
7.Principles
of Farm
Stead Planning
and Location of
Buildings/
Structures
Principles of Farm Planning/Layout,
Consider the Following:

a. Farm stead siting
(i) Soil Condition
(ii) Water Supply

b. Location of Farm buildings
such as pens, workshops, sheds,
offices, workshops etc.
Sub-theme
FORESTRY
8.Forest
Management
a. Meaning of Forest and Forestry

b. Importance of Forestry

c. Forest Regulations

d. Forest Management Practices:
(i) Selective exploitation 
(ii) Regeneration
(iii) Afforestation
(iv) Water shed

e. Implications of deforestation
9. Agro-forestry
Practices
in Nigeria
a. Agro-Forestry: Meaning and
practices:
(i) Taungya system
(ii) Different agro-forestry, combination
in production of crops, livestocks, pasture.
(iii) Tree species suitable for agro-forestry
practices.
Sub-theme
ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
10. Meaning and
Importance
of Ornamental
Plants
a. Meaning of Ornamental Plants

b. Importance of Ornamental Plants: 
– Screening and delineation 
– Architectural beauty of buildings
11. Common Types
of Ornamental
Plants
a. Various types of ornamental plants
according to their uses e.g.
– bedding plants (mostly flowering plants)
– hedging plants
– lawn grasses and others.

b. Give examples of each type
(common and botanical names)
12. Settings and
Locations
for Planting
each Type
Location/settings and types of ornamental
plants needed.
– Avenues
– in front of building, etc.
13.Methods of
Cultivating
Ornamental
Plants
a. Methods of propagation and planting of
ornamental plants
(i) By seed
– Raised in nurseries and transplanted.

(ii) Vegetative propagation
– Cutting, Suckers and others.

b. Examples of ornamental plants
propagated through each method
14.Maintenance of
Ornamental Plants
Maintenance Operations/Activities of
ornamental plants:
– Watering
– Mulching
– Pruning and others. 

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