Developed by the
Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC)
|1.||Plant Nutrients |
& Nutrient Cycle
|a. Macro and Micro Nutrients: their |
functions and deficiency symptoms
b. Factors affecting availability of
nutrients such as pH, excess of other
nutrients, leaching and others.
c. Methods of replenishing lost
– crop rotation, organic maturing.
d. Nitrogen, Carbon, Water and
– Diagrams, processes and importance
of each cycle.
e. Organic Agriculture
– Meaning and importance
|2.||Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil through various systems of tubes, pumps, and sprays. It helps grow crops, landscape plants, and lawns. Irrigation is usually used in... More||a. Meaning of irrigation system|
b. Types of irrigation systems
c. Description of each irrigation system
d. The advantages and disadvantages of
each irrigation system
e. Importance/advantages of irrigation
f. Problems associated with irrigation
|3.||Drainage||a. Meaning of drainage|
b. Importance of drainage
c. Types of drainage
d. Description of the various types of
e. Advantages and disadvantages of each
|a. Meaning of Agricultural Pollution|
b. Causes/Sources of Agricultural Pollution
of Agricultural Land and Fish Ponds:
– Excessive application of agricultural
– Marine and oil spillage
– Livestock waste and dung disposal, etc
c. Effects of Land/Pond Pollution on Farmer
and Agricultural Productivity.
|5.||Farm Surveying |
|a. Meaning of Farm Surveying|
b. Common Surveying Equipment
c. Uses of each equipment
d. Maintenance measures on farm survey
equipment such as:
– Washing and drying
– Tightening screws and nuts
e. Importance of Farm Surveying
f. Meaning of farm stead
g. Importance of farm stead planning
– Definition of the goal of farm business
– Planning on how to achieve the goal, etc
|6.||Farm Planning||a. Meaning of Farm Planning|
b. Factors to be considered in Farming
Planning and the design of a farm stead.
c. Importance of Farm Planning
and Location of
|Principles of Farm Planning/Layout, |
Consider the Following:
a. Farm stead siting
(i) Soil Condition
(ii) Water Supply
b. Location of Farm buildings
such as pens, workshops, sheds,
offices, workshops etc.
|a. Meaning of Forest and Forestry|
b. Importance of Forestry
c. Forest Regulations
d. Forest Management Practices:
(i) Selective exploitation
(ii) In Biology, regeneration is the natural process of replacing or restoring damaged or missing cells, tissues, organs, and even entire body parts to full function in plants and animals. More
(iii) Afforestation is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees (forestation) in an area where there was no recent tree cover. More
(iv) Water shed
e. Implications of Deforestation, in simple terms, means the felling and clearing of forest cover or tree plantations to accommodate agricultural, industrial or urban use. More
|a. Agro-Forestry: Meaning and |
(i) Taungya system
(ii) Different agro-forestry, combination
in production of crops, livestocks, pasture.
(iii) Tree species suitable for agro-forestry
|10.||Meaning and |
|a. Meaning of Ornamental Plants|
b. Importance of Ornamental Plants:
– Screening and delineation
– Architectural beauty of buildings
|11.||Common Types |
|a. Various types of ornamental plants |
according to their uses e.g.
– bedding plants (mostly flowering plants)
– hedging plants
– lawn grasses and others.
b. Give examples of each type
(common and botanical names)
|12.||Settings and |
|Location/settings and types of ornamental|
– in front of building, etc.
|13.||Methods of |
|a. Methods of propagation and planting of |
(i) By seed
– Raised in nurseries and transplanted.
(ii) Vegetative propagation
– Cutting, Suckers and others.
b. Examples of ornamental plants
propagated through each method
|Maintenance Operations/Activities of |
– Pruning is the practice of selectively removing specific parts of a tree or shrub, such as buds, branches, or roots. It is a maintenance procedure and the goal is to improve... More and others.