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The Arrest of Peter and John (Acts 3: 11-44 ; Acts 4: 1-31)

  • After the day of Pentecost, the apostles continued preaching the Gospel.

  • The central message was Jesus is the expected messiah, and savior whom the Jews rejected, but God raised him up, so that whoever believes in him would be saved, and have eternal life.

  • The Jews opposed the Gospel message for two reasons;
    1. Some of them rejected the good news about Jesus, because they did not see him as the expected messiah and savior.
    2. Some, like the Sadducees, did not believe in the resurrection of the dead.

  • At 3 pm, while Peter and John were going to worship in the temple, at the Beautiful Gate, Peter healed a cripple in the name of Jesus.

  • The healing attracted a lot of attention in the temple.

  • Peter explained that the cripple was healed in the name of Jesus, whom they killed, but, God raised him from the dead.

  • While Peter was yet speaking, the priest, the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came and got him and John arrested.
  • They were greatly disturbed because the apostles were teaching the people, proclaiming in Jesus the resurrection of the dead. 
  • But many who heard the message believed; so the number of men who believed grew to about five thousand. 
  • The following day, Peter and John were brought before the Sanhedrin, the highest Jewish Council for trial, that is the Supreme Court of the Jews.
  • In attendance, among the Jewish leaders, elders and scribes, were Annas the High Priest, Caiaphas, John, Alexander and the members of the High Priest’s family.
  • The Sanhedrin (Jewish council) could not deny the miracle that had taken place (healing the cripple) so they agreed to release them, and warned Peter and John to cease preaching in the name of Jesus, but they insisted and continued.