Constitution – Features and Sources
Features of a Constitution
The features of a constitution include:
(i) Preamble: This declares the aspiration and the people for which the constitution is written.
(ii) Structure Of Government: It states the structure of government that is operational in the state.
(iii) A constitution will specify political institutions that will be created and their powers.
(iv) It will contain the type of government the country will operate e.g. Presidential or Parliamentary system of government.
(v) It will define the party system that will exist in a state e.g one-party system, two-party system, or multi-party system.
(vi) It also specifies the administrative structure e.g. the civil service structure and its functions.
(vii) It contains a list of fundamental human rights citizens of a state can enjoy.
(viii) It also defines citizenship and ways of acquiring citizenship.
(ix) It contains fundamental principles and objectives of a state e.g. Political ideology.
(x) It also contains an amendment procedure
Sources of Constitution
The following form the basis of Constitution of a state:
(i) History of the people: The past political development of the people do form part of the history of the state and this is considered when drafting the constitution of such a country.
(ii) Convention, Political precepts, and practices overtime form part of the constitution.
(iii) The legislative enactments, Acts of Parliament is one of the bases of constitution.
(iv) Past constitution of a state and constitutions drafting a new constitution.
(v) Constitutional conferences are usually organized during constitutional development, Difficult constitutional issues are discussed and resolved. Such resolutions are included in a new constitution.
(vi) Judicial Precepts: Key past judgments of law courts on constitutional matters are often included in a new constitution.
(vii) International laws and conventions, International Criminal Codes are included in a new constitution.
(viii) Decrees and Edicts also form part of a new constitution.
(ix) Customs and traditions of the people are also included in the constitution.