Vocabulary Development: Preservative Prefixes 1
Last term you studied prefixes. You learnt that a prefix is an affix that is placed before the stem or root of a word so as to form another word. You also learnt that there are two types of prefixes – reversative and preservative.
When a prefix is placed before the root of a word, the word is reversed and a new word which is the opposite (antonym) of the original word is formed.
In this lesson and the next, we will be considering the second type of prefixes – preservative prefixes.
To preserve means to ensure that something is kept and not tampered with. Unlike the reservative prefix which forms the opposite of a word, the preservative prefix keeps the original or root word and still preserves the meaning. The prefix re is usually used. It often means ‘to do something again’.
For instance, re-write simply means write again.
Look at the following words:
Using a dictionary, do the following:
1. List ten root words.
2. Using the preservative prefix re, form new words from the root words.
3. Use each of the new words in a sentence of your own.