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This is the distribution of the ratio of men and women (gender) in a particular period of time. The sex ratio can be measured as follows

Sex Ratio = \( \frac{Number \; of \; men}{Number \; of \; women} \)

Causes of sex composition

1. An increase in the population of females to males will cause a rise in sex ratio

2. An increase in the death of males to females will affect the sex ratio

3. The desire to have more females than males will affect the sex ratio

4. Gender Discrimination 

5. The rate of emigration and immigration affect sex distribution.

6. The ethnic, belief and culture of people affect sex distribution


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