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JSS3: BUSINESS STUDIES - 1ST TERM

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  1. Office Procedures | Week 1 & 2
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Imprest Account | Week 3
    2Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. The Role of Wages and Salaries Unit | Week 4
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Store Records | Week 5
    4Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Office Equipment | Week 6
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Advertising | Week 7
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Transport | Week 8
    6Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Communication | Week 9
    4Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
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The telephone is one of the fastest means of communication in Nigeria and all around the world. With the telephone, it is possible for individuals and corporate bodies, to get in touch with their customers and suppliers with relative ease, within or outside the country.   

Nigeria Telecommunications Limited (NITEL) a sister corporation to NIPOST, used to be in charge of telecommunication services in the past, in Nigeria.

In January 2001, NITEL was deregulated, and provisional licenses were issued to three private organizations that bid successfully, for the Global System of Mobile communication (GSM) to provide mobile telephone services alongside NITEL/M-tel. Over the years, other communication companies have been licensed to provide GSM, and other forms of telephone services, in Nigeria.

These organisations are:

  • Airtel Nigeria Ltd – former Econet, Vmobile, Celtel, Zain (With GSM lines beginning with 08020, 0808, 0812 and 0708)
  • MTN Nigeria Communications Limited (With GSM lines beginning with 0803, 0806, 0706, 0813)
  • M-Tel (with GSM lines beginning with 0804)
  • Globalcom – Limited – Approved in August 2002 (with GSM Lines beginning with 0805, 0807, and 0705)
  • Etisalat (with GSM lines beginning with 0809)
  • Others are multilink, visafone, starcomms, etc.

Globalcom, on approval, pioneered the per-second billing system in Nigeria. In addition, they introduced into their Glo network, a lot of services, making it possible for their subscribers to have access to a host of information, such as news, internet facilities, and entertainment in addition to making calls.

These approvals broke the monopoly enjoyed by NITEL over the years. The bottlenecks, usually associated with the procurement of land telephone lines from NITEL, have been eliminated, as mobile phones can be gotten at roadside shops and set up fairly quickly.

The approval of the government, to roll out 3G/4G services, has enhanced multimedia communications and improved the quality of GSM services. The deregulation of NITEL has no doubt stimulated competition amongst the GSM operations, making the procurement of telephones cheaper, affordable, efficient, and accessible. 

Some of the services rendered by these communication companies are:

1. Telephone Services (Cord type)

2. Mobile telephone (GSM) cordless.

3. Fax services and Telex services.

4. Satellite services.

5. Email.

6. Internet services.

In July 2006, the Federal Government shares in NITEL were sold to transitional Corporation Plc (Transcorp) this was later reversed, and in February 2010 another attempt was made to sell NITEL to New Generations Telecoms, in an auction organized by the Bureau of Public Enterprises (BPE) to totally privatize NITEL.

The benefits derivable from the sale of NITEL have not been realised, as the controversies surrounding the sale are yet to be fully settled as of 2016.


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