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SS1: ENGLISH LANGUAGE - 1ST TERM

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  1. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 1
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  2. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 2
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  3. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 3
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  4. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 4
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  5. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 5
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  6. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 6
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  7. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 7
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  8. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 8
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  9. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 9
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Definition of Noun:

A noun is a name given to a person, place, thing, animal, idea, quality, or action.

Consider the following examples:

1. Johnson passed the examination.

2. She travelled to America.

 3. The students saw a lion in the zoo.

 4. There is no justice in the land.

 5. Omini was rewarded for his honesty.

 6. His departure made his wife sad.

Noun Phrase:

A noun phrase is a phrase whose main word or head is a noun.

Consider the following examples:

a big bag, an empty treasury, the last drop of blood, my sister’s old handbag.

(Note the main word which has been typed in bold in each of the examples above)

Noun phrase with the Definite Article:

In English, the definite article is the word the. One of the easiest ways of forming a noun phrase is by attaching the to a noun, thus:

the man, the bank, the nation,

Functions of the Noun Phrase:

The noun phrase functions as a single noun in a sentence. It may function as

1. A subject

2. An object

1a. Definition of Subject:

The subject of a sentence is the noun or pronoun that performs the action of the verb in a sentence.

i. Okoro bought a new car. (Okoro is the subject because he performed the action of buying).

ii. They respect their teachers. (They is the subject)

1b. Noun Phrase as Subject:

Consider the following sentences;

i. Musa makes good benches.

(Ask yourself: Who makes good benches? Your answer will be Musa.  Since Musa makes the benches, Musa is the subject of the sentence).

ii. The carpenter makes good benches. (Ask yourself: Who makes good benches? Your answer – the carpenter).

In our first sentence, the subject is Musa, a single noun. In the second example, the subject is the carpenter, a noun phrase.

2a. Definition of Object:

The object of a sentence is the noun or pronoun that is acted upon. It is also the noun or pronoun that suffers the action of the verb.

i. Mother cooked rice. (Rice which was cooked, is the object.)

ii. He killed a snake. (Snake is the object.)

2b. Noun Phrase as Object:

i. Olu married Amina. (Who was married? Amina)

ii. Olu married the beautiful girl.

In the first sentence, the object is Amina, a single noun. In sentence ii, the noun phrase the beautiful girl is the object.

The Examination Pattern.

1. The reader’s frame of mind is equally important.

The reader’s frame of mind …….

i. What grammatical name is given to the above expression?

ii. What is its function?

WAEC, June, 1996

Answers:

i. Noun Phrase

ii. Subject of the verb ‘is’

2. The Principal punished the girl in torn clothes

…… the girl in torn clothes

i. What is the grammatical name that is given to the above expression?

ii. What is its function?

Answers:

i. Noun Phrase

ii. Object of the verb ‘punished’

Class Activity:

Go back to the comprehension passage on pages 2 and 3 of New Oxford Secondary English Course and do the following:

a. Identify  10 single nouns

View Answer

b. Identify any three noun phrases

View Answer

(c) The lucky fisherman wins a prize. 

The lucky fisherman

i. What grammatical name is given to the above expression?

ii. What is its function in the sentence?

View Answer

Responses

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Class Activity (a)

(a) Identify 10 single nouns

village, border, home, festival, February, March, display, camel, competition, cake, equipment, scales, celebrations.

 

Class Activity (b)

(b) Identify any three noun phrases

i. The fishing festival

ii. An unexpected tumble …..

iii.  a large gourd

iv. the scales

v. the prize

Class Activity (c)

(c) The lucky fisherman

i. What grammatical name is given to the above expression?

Answer:  The lucky fisherman – noun phrase

ii. What is its function in the sentence?

Answer:  The subject of the verb wins.

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