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SS1: ENGLISH LANGUAGE - 1ST TERM

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  1. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 1
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  2. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 2
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  3. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 3
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  5. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 5
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  6. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 6
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  8. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 8
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  9. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 9
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In our previous lesson, we defined nominalization as the process of changing adjectives and verbs into nouns. We noted the two ways of changing adjectives into nouns.

1. Adding a suffix to the adjective – stupid + -ity = stupidity

2. Prefixing the definite article to the adjective: the + rich = the rich

In this section, we are going to consider how verbs are nominalized

Nominalization of Verbs:

Verbs become nouns in several ways:

1. By taking on certain suffixes:

Base VerbSuffix Noun
vacate      – ion  vacation
attend  – ion attention
choose  – ice   choice
refuse  – al refusal
survive– alsurvival
deal  -erdealer
rule    -erruler
drain   -agedrainage
fail    -urefailure
inhabit -antinhabitant
conquer -stconquest
laugh-terlaughter
offend  -ceoffence
sail  -orsailor
amaze-mentamazement
injure   -ryinjury
grieve -fgrief
grow    -thgrowth
lose  -sloss
fly-ghtflight

2. By taking on the definite article:

Definite ArticleVerbNoun
1. the  walkthe walk
2. thefight  the fight

Examples:

Verb: The boys walk to school every day

Noun: The walk exercises their bodies

Verb: The men fight all the time

Noun: The fight attracts many people

3. By taking the present participle form

  Base Verb Present Participle Noun
1. dance– ing dancing
2. cook  – ing  cooking

Examples:

Verb: Rose is dancing

Noun: Dancing during lesson is prohibited

Verb: The girls are cooking dinner

Noun: Cooking is part of our exam

4. By adding the definite article to the past participle form

Definite ArticleBase Verb Past Participle suffixNoun Phrase
1. theinjure – dthe injured
2. the wound– ed  the wounded

Examples:

Verb: He was injured during the match.

Noun: The injured were taken to the hospital.

Evaluation:

Nominalize the following verbs by adding appropriate suffixes.

1. know      2. bless      3. initiate     4. act     5. employ    6. break    7. service   8. marry    9. appoint  10. teach 11. offend    12. discuss   13. depart  14. rehearse    15. introduce  16. allow     17. inform   18. agree   19. form   20. educate

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Evaluation: Nominalization of Adjectives and Verbs II

Nominalize the following verbs by adding appropriate suffixes.

1. know 2. bless 3. initiate 4. act 5. employ 6. break 7. service 8. marry 9. appoint 10. teach 11. offend 12. discuss 13. depart 14. rehearse 15. introduce 16. allow 17. inform 18. agree 19. form 20. educate

Answers:

  1. know                –       knowledge
  2. bless                –       blessing
  3. initiate             –       initiation
  4. act                   –       action
  5. employ             –       employment
  6. break               –       breakage
  7. serve                 –       service/servant
  8. marry               –       marriage
  9. appoint            –       appointment
  10. teach                 –       teacher
  11. offend              –       offence
  12. discuss            –       discussion
  13. depart              –       departure
  14. rehearse          –       rehearsal
  15. introduce        –       introduction
  16. allow                –       allowance
  17. inform             –       information
  18. agree                –       agreement
  19. form                 –       formation
  20. educate            –       education
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