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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 2ND TERM

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  1. Types of Government Continues, Federal and Confederal Systems of Government | Week 1
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  2. Forms of Government: Presidential System of Government | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Forms of Government: Parliamentary System of Government | Week 3
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Structure and Organization of Government: Legislature | Week 4
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Structure and Organization of Government: Executive Content | Week 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Structure and Organization of Government: Judiciary Content | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Basic Principles of Government: Political Participation and Political Apathy | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Basic Principles of Government: Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation | Week 8
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Basic Principles of Government: Centralization and Decentralization | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Merits of Presidential System of Government:

(i) Presidential system of government prevents misuse and abuse of power due to the existence of separation of power, checks and balances, and supremacy of the constitution.

(ii) The entire country is the president’s constituency so he is responsible and accountable to the people not only the legislature.

(iii) As the president can appoint his ministers from anywhere, he ensures that the best and credible people are appointed as ministers.

(iv) It is democratic. Even the president is directly or indirectly elected by the electorate.

(v) It promotes political stability as one person is both the Head of State and Head of Government. The friction and bickering that would have arisen had it been two people are avoided.

(vi)The principle of individual responsibility makes it possible to easily identify who has responsibilities for certain functions and who is to be blamed for lapses and inactions.

(vii) The principle of judicial review promotes strict adherence to rule of law and constitutionalism.

(viii) It promotes wider political participation as more people participate in elections or processes of public decision-making.

Demerits of Presidential System of Government: 

(i) Presidential system of government is expensive to operate.

(ii) It can lead to corrupt practices such as lobbying, bribery and corruption.

(iii) Impeachment process may be difficult allowing a bad president to stay in power.

(iv) Decision-making process can be slow as some bills may be delayed intentionally.

(v) The president can misuse or abuse the veto power he exercises in passage of bills.

(vi) Government action may be slowed down because of constant friction between the executive and legislature.

(vii) The president can abuse power due to the excess power he exercises.

(viii) The president may be unresponsive to public demands and opinion as he has a fixed term of office, most especially when he is in the last term of his tenure.

(ix) The president may prove difficult to be controlled by the legislature.

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