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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 2ND TERM

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  1. Types of Government Continues, Federal and Confederal Systems of Government | Week 1
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  2. Forms of Government: Presidential System of Government | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Forms of Government: Parliamentary System of Government | Week 3
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Structure and Organization of Government: Legislature | Week 4
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Structure and Organization of Government: Executive Content | Week 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Structure and Organization of Government: Judiciary Content | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Basic Principles of Government: Political Participation and Political Apathy | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Basic Principles of Government: Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation | Week 8
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Basic Principles of Government: Centralization and Decentralization | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Judicial Review:

Judicial review refers to the power of the courts (judiciary) to determine if actions of other arms of government are in accordance with the provisions of the constitution, if otherwise can declare such act unconstitutional, null and void, or ultra vires.

The courts can check the actions of the legislature, the executive, and the judgment of lower courts to ensure adherence to the constitution. This is necessary to prevent the arbitrariness of law and the presentation of liberty of individuals.

Independence of the Judiciary:

Independence of the Judiciary refers to the freedom of the judiciary to administer justice without interference or control from the other arms of government or the rich in the society.

It can also imply impartiality of the judges, absence of external influence, and lack of bias in adjudicating cases by the courts. The judiciary discharges its duties without fear or favour.

Reasons for Independence of the Judiciary:

Judicial independence is necessary for the following reasons:

(i) Judicial independence will prevent intimidation and misuse of the courts.

(ii) It will enable judges to discharge their duties impartially.

(iii) It will prevent abuse of power by government officials.

(iv) It will protect the liberty of people.

(v) It will increase public confidence in the judiciary.

(vi) It will promote strict adherence to rule of law.

(vii) To serve as an independent arbiter for the interpretation of the constitution and other laws.

(viii) To guarantee the tenure of office of the judges to enable them to perform their duties without fear of losing their jobs.

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