Judicial Review | Judicial Independence | Reasons for Judicial Independence
Judicial review refers to the power of the courts (The judicial branch of government refers to a country’s court system. Judiciaries are responsible for interpreting and applying a country’s laws in particular cases, and can also be invested with the... More) to determine if actions of other arms of government are in accordance with the provisions of the A constitution is a set of fundamental rules that determine how a country or state is run. More, if otherwise can declare such act unconstitutional, null and void, or ultra vires.
The courts can check the actions of the The legislative branch of government is responsible for making laws within a country. Legislatures are made up of people called legislators who, in democracies, are elected by the country’s population More, the The executive, also referred to as the executive branch or executive power, is the term commonly used to describe that part of government which enforces the law and has overall responsibility... More, and the judgment of lower courts to ensure adherence to the constitution. This is necessary to prevent the arbitrariness of law and the presentation of liberty of individuals.
Independence of the Judiciary:
Independence of the Judiciary refers to the freedom of the judiciary to administer justice without interference or control from the other arms of government or the rich in the The term society is derived from the Latin word 'socius' meaning friendship or companionship. Society is a community, nation or group of people who share the same traditions, institutions, rules and... More.
It can also imply impartiality of the judges, absence of external influence, and lack of bias in adjudicating cases by the courts. The judiciary discharges its duties without fear or favour.
Reasons for Independence of the Judiciary:
Judicial independence is necessary for the following reasons:
(i) Judicial independence will prevent intimidation and misuse of the courts.
(ii) It will enable judges to discharge their duties impartially.
(iii) It will prevent abuse of power by government officials.
(iv) It will protect the liberty of people.
(v) It will increase public confidence in the judiciary.
(vi) It will promote strict adherence to rule of law.
(vii) To serve as an independent arbiter for the interpretation of the constitution and other laws.
(viii) To guarantee the tenure of office of the judges to enable them to perform their duties without fear of losing their jobs.