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SS1: PHYSICS – 1ST TERM

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  1. Introduction to Physics | Week 1
    4Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Measurement | Week 2
    3Topics
  3. Measurement of Mass | Week 3
    6Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Motion | Week 4
    5Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Velocity-Time Graph | Week 5
    4Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Causes of Motion | Week 6
    5Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Work, Energy & Power | Week 7
    3Topics
  8. Energy Transformation / Power | Week 8
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Heat Energy | Week 9
    5Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Linear Expansion | Week 10
    6Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
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Mass:

Mass is the quantity of matter contained in a body. With System Internationale (S.I) unit, the standard unit of mass is kilogram and the measurement of the mass of a body is carried out with the aid of chemical balance or beam balance in the laboratory and these instruments can measure up to 0.001g, which is the reading accuracy of the beam or chemical balance.

chemical balance
Chemical balance.

The mass of an object is measured by comparing it to a known mass on the arm of the chemical or beam balance. Other instruments that can be used to determine the mass of an object include electronic balance, triple beam balance, lever balance, etc.

Weight:

Weight (W) of an object is the gravitational pull of the earth on a body. It is measured with the aid of an instrument known as spring balance and the S.I unit of weight is Newton (N). The weight of a body varies from place to place on the earth’s surface.

The difference between mass and weight is stated as follows:

MassWeight
It is measured in kilograms (kg)It is measured in Newton (N)
It is measured with chemical/beam balanceIt is measured with a spring balance
Mass is constantWeight varies
Mass is a scalar quantityWeight is a derived quantity
Mass is a fundamental quantityWeight is a derived quantity

Relationship Between Mass And Weight:

The relationship between mass and weight is the formula that connects mass and weight. This formula is used in calculations, to either calculate the mass of a given weight of an object or to calculate the weights of a given mass of an object.

The formula is:     Weight = Mass x Acceleration due to Gravity
                                 Weight = m*g

Example:

i. Calculate the weight of a mass 350g. (g = 10ms-2 )

Solution:

Values given:

Mass = \( \scriptsize 350g \)

Convert this to kg which is the standard unit

Mass = \( \scriptsize 350g \\ = \frac{350}{1000} \\ = \scriptsize 0.350kg \)

Formula:

Weight = mass x acceleration due to gravity

W = m x g

Solution:

Weight = 0.350kg x 10ms-2

Weight = 3.5N

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