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SS2: GOVERNMENT - 1ST TERM

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  1. Electoral Process | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Types of Electoral Process | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Electoral Process Continues - Proportional, Representation, Repeated Ballot, Direct and Indirect Elections | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Ballot Systems | Types of Voting | Week 4
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Organization of Election | Week 5
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Electoral Commission and Electoral Officers | Week 6
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Public Opinion and Mass Media | Week 7
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Civil Service | Week 8
    6 Topics
  9. Personnel Administration in the Civil Service | Week 9
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Public Corporation | Week 10
    9 Topics
  11. Commercialization, Privatization and Deregulation of Public Corporations | Week 11
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Meaning of Voting:

Voting is a method a group uses to make a collective decision. Democratic states use voting to elect political leaders. Among residents of states are people that are qualified to vote. They are called voters.

Meaning of Open Ballot:

Open ballot allows voters to indicate their choice in the public or in the presence of electoral officers and other voters. This can be done by queuing behind their choice of candidates or political party. This is the oldest method of voting. 

Merits of Open Ballot:

1. It is very easy and simple to organize.

2. It is not expensive.

3. The result does not take time. It is declared on the spot before all the voters.

Demerits of Open Ballot:

1. Voters’ privacy is not respected.

2. Voters can be exposed to intimidation, harassment, blackmail, and pressure.

3. The election result can be manipulated.

Meaning of Secret Ballot

In a secret ballot, voters’ choice is anonymous. The voter’s choice is not made known to the electoral officer and other voters. In this type, a voter is given a list of political parties or candidates with a column or box where he can mark or thumb-print in a column or box beside his preferred party or candidate and then places it in a sealed box. All these the voters do in the voting booth. At the end of the voting, the box is opened, emptied, and counted.

Merits of Secret Ballot:

1. Secret Ballot forestalls vote-buying, bribery, intimidation, and harassment of voters.

2. It ensures that voters’ privacy is maintained.

3. The voters are free to make their choice. They are not pressured.

4. It is democratic.

Demerits of Secret Ballot:

1. The result is subject to manipulation. The electoral officers may manipulate the election results.

2. It is still threatened by vote-buying, intimidation, etc.

3. It is time-consuming and tedious for the voters.

4. The cost involved in the production of election materials may be high.

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